Professor of Philosophy
California State University, Fullerton
Fullerton, CA 92834
|Curriculum Vitae||Publications||Course Archives||Personal|
My most recent book is Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind and Morality, appeared in 2017 by Wiley-Blackwell
I was awarded Andrew Carnegie Fellow of 2019 to work on my project: Confucian Robotic Ethics
New Research Project : Human in the Loop Ethical AI for Social Robots
In collaboration with Dr. Yu Bai from Computer Engineering Program at CSUF, I have launched a survey site to poll people’s opinions on ethicat AI for healthcare robots and disaster relief robots. There are 15 ethical dilemmas for four sets of scenarios: (1) robot assisted suicide (2) whether care robots could/should lie (3) how rescue robots could choose whom to rescue in cases of conflicts (4) disaster relief robots’ choice between obeying immoral human commands and ethical principles.
The site was launched on March 9, 2022. The crowdsourcing site has four language formats: English, Spanish, Traditional Chinese, and Simplified Chinese.
§ Educational Background:
Ph.D., Philosophy, The University of Rochester, 1993.
On Individualism as A Theory of Content
Advisor: Professor Richard Feldman
The University of Rochester
M.A., Philosophy, National Taiwan University, 1984.
On Wang Fuzhi's Notion of Reason in History
Advisor: Professor Zhang Yung-Jun (張永儁）
National Taiwan University
B.A., Philosophy, National Taiwan University, 1980.
§ Employment History:
Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2013 - )
Associate Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2008 - Spring 2013)
Assistant Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2005 - Spring 2008)
Adjunct Professor: CSU Los Angeles (Fall 2004, Winter 2005, Spring 2005)
CSU Fullerton (Spring 2005)
Associate Professor: SUNY Geneseo (Fall 2001 – Spring 2005) (resigned due to relocation to California)
Assistant Professor: SUNY Geneseo (Fall 1994 – Spring 2001)
An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: from Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism
To purchase: Amazon.com
Consciousness and the Self: New Essays (co-edit with John Perry), Cambridge University Press, November 2011.
To purchase: Amazon.com
The 39th Fullerton Philosophy Symposium, April 29-30, 2009
Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind and Morality. Wiley-Blackwell. June 2017.
Nothingness in Asian Philosophy (co-edit with Douglas Berger). Routledge. 2014.
“Physical Externalism and Social Externalism: Are They Really Compatible?” Journal of Philosophical Research, December 2001.
“Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi's Cosmology?” Journal of Chinese Philosophy, September 2001.
On-line Papers: (Comments welcome)
Upper-division Courses: (click for syllabus and handouts)
Metaphysics, Morality and Mind: An Analytic Introduction to Neo-Confucianism (National Cheng Chi University Summer School, Summer 2009) [My Class]
Lower-division Courses: (click for syllabus)
Critical Writing Seminar: The Seat of Consciousness: Where Science and Philosophy Meet
§ My Profession:
Thomas Nagel: (from The View from Nowhere)
There is a persistent temptation to turn philosophy into something less difficult and more shallow than it is. It is an extremely difficult subject, and no exception to the general rule that creative efforts are rarely successful.
It is natural to feel victimized by philosophy, but this particular defensive reaction goes too far. It is like the hatred of childhood and results in a vain effort to grow up too early, before one has gone through the essential formative confusions and exaggerated hopes that have to be experienced on the way to understanding anything. Philosophy is the childhood of the intellect, and a culture that tries to skip it will never grow up.
Bertrand Russell: (from Problems of Philosophy )
The man who has no tincture of philosophy goes through life imprisoned in the prejudices derived from common sense, from the habitual beliefs of his age or his nation, and from convictions which have grown up in his mind without the cooperation or consent of his deliberate reason. To such a man the world tends to become definite, finite, obvious; common objects rouse no questions, and unfamiliar possibilities are contemptuously rejected.
As soon as we begin to philosophize, we find that even the most everyday things lead to problems to which only very incomplete answers can be given. Philosophy, though unable to tell us with certainty what is the true answer to the doubts which it raises, is able to suggest many possibilities which enlarge our thoughts and free them from the tyranny of custom.
Hilary Putnam: (from The Many Faces of Realism)
__ A community which is competent to determine truth and falsity must be such that anyone in that community can criticize what is put forward knowing that his criticism will be attended to; if some criticisms are simply not heard, then the possibility of an irrational sort of ‘protection of belief’ rears its ugly head. Not only must it be possible for any member of the community to ask a question or voice a criticism, it must also be possible for any member of a community of ideal inquirers to advance a hypothesis knowing that it will be heard.
It must, in short, be a community which respects the principles of intellectual freedom and equality.
Collin and Dillon
§ My View on Life
Wherein lies our life?
It is being manipulated by the cruel fate
into multiple shapes,
Even if one puts up all the struggles,
one cannot fight with fate.
Who'd have the extra heart
to be sentimental about it?
After pondering over life hundreds of times,
I decide to just hand it over to the wind
for the creation of the music of heaven.
After all wars are over;
after all chess games are finished,
Who still sets the boundaries?
Let us be the faint trace of smoke,
drifting through the clear blue sky;
Let us be the light wings of butterflies,
fluttering by the silent flowers.
Let us laugh about how thousands of years,
would turn into oblivion in a split second.
Let us be a tiny dove,
or be a giant roc,
in concord with chance.
Looking back at the countryside,
I see the exuberant sea of spring.
Facing towards the human world,
I roam about freely,
Through hardships, through adversity,
I will not change my Way.
____________ Wang Fuzhi (1619-1692) (my translation)