JeeLoo Liu



Professor of Philosophy

Department of Philosophy

California State University, Fullerton

Fullerton, CA 92834



Curriculum Vitae Publications Course Archives Personal






My most recent book is Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind and Morality, appeared in 2017 by Wiley-Blackwell 

I was awarded Andrew Carnegie Fellow of 2019 to work on my project: Confucian Robotic Ethics           

New Research Project : Human in the Loop Ethical AI for Social Robots                      

In collaboration with Dr. Yu Bai from Computer Engineering Program at CSUF, I have launched a survey site to poll people’s opinions on ethicat AI for healthcare robots and disaster relief robots. There are 15 ethical dilemmas for four sets of scenarios: (1) robot assisted suicide (2) whether care robots could/should lie (3) how rescue robots could choose whom to rescue in cases of conflicts (4) disaster relief robots’ choice between obeying immoral human commands and ethical principles.       

The site was launched on March 9, 2022. The crowdsourcing site has four language formats: English, Spanish, Traditional Chinese, and Simplified Chinese.   



§ Educational Background:



Ph.D., Philosophy, The University of Rochester, 1993.

Doctoral Dissertation:

On Individualism as A Theory of Content

Advisor: Professor Richard Feldman

The University of Rochester



M.A., Philosophy, National Taiwan University, 1984.

Master's Thesis:

On Wang Fuzhi's Notion of Reason in History

Advisor: Professor Zhang Yung-Jun (張永儁)

National Taiwan University


B.A., Philosophy, National Taiwan University, 1980.




§ Employment History:


Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2013 - )


Associate Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2008 - Spring 2013)


Assistant Professor: CSU Fullerton (Fall 2005 - Spring 2008) 



Adjunct Professor: CSU Los Angeles (Fall 2004, Winter 2005, Spring 2005)

                                 CSU Fullerton (Spring 2005)



Associate Professor: SUNY Geneseo (Fall 2001 – Spring 2005) (resigned due to relocation to California) 


Assistant Professor: SUNY Geneseo (Fall 1994 – Spring 2001)




§ Other Academic Titles:

Advisory Board, John Templeton Foundation

1/1/2010 - 12/31/2012


Area Editor: Asian Philosophy at PhilPapers: Online Research in Philosophy

Category Editor: Chinese Philosophy at PhilPapers: Online Research in Philosophy


ACPA (The Association of Chinese Philosophers in North America):

President, 2010-2012

Vice President/Treasurer, 2008-2010

Secretary/Treasurer, 2006-2008


The Creighton Club (the New York State Philosophical Association) :

President, 2002-2004



§ Publications:



An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: from Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism


To purchase:

Review of the book at Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews


Consciousness and the Self: New Essays (co-edit with John Perry), Cambridge University Press, November 2011.

To purchase:


The 39th Fullerton Philosophy Symposium, April 29-30, 2009

Consciousness and the Self


Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind and Morality. Wiley-Blackwell. June 2017.


Nothingness in Asian Philosophy (co-edit with Douglas Berger). Routledge. 2014.




Selected Articles:


  1. The Two Component Theory of Proper Names and Kripke's Puzzle. Abstracta 7(2). 2013.
  2. Moral Reason, Moral Sentiments: A Motivational Theory of Altruism. Asian Philosophy 22 (2). 2012.
  3. Reconstructing Chinese Metaphysics: A White Paper. Journal of East-West Thought, No. 1.
  4. . The Is-Ought Correlation in Neo-Confucian Qi-Realism: How Normative Facts Exist in Natural States of Qi Contemporary Chinese Thought.
  5. Confucian Moral Realism. Aisan Philosophy Volume 17, Issue 2, July 2007, pages 167 - 184.
  6. Book Review: Peter Carruthers, Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective.  [New York: Oxford UP], 2005. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.  April 2006.
  7. "The Paradox of Evil in Tiantai Buddhist Philosophy", In Religion Compass, April 2007.
  8. The Status of Cosmic Principle (Li) in the Neo-Confucian Metaphysics.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy.  September 2005. 
  9. "A Daoist Conception of Truth: Laozi's Metaphysical Realism vs. Zhuangzi's Internal Realism.”  In Comparative Approaches to Chinese Philosophy, Ashgate Publishing, 2003.
  10. Physical Externalism and Social Externalism: Are They Really Compatible? Journal of Philosophical Research, December 2001.

  11. Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi's Cosmology?Journal of Chinese Philosophy, September 2001.

  12. A Nonreductionist's Solution to Kim's Explanatory Exclusion Problem.” Manuscrito, April 2001.




On-line Papers: (Comments welcome)


  1. Arms as Instruments of Evil Omen
  2. The Two-Component Theory of Proper Names and Kripke's Puzzle [pdf.]
  3. Tian-tai Metaphysics vs. Hua-yen Metaphysics: A Comparative Study [pdf.]
  4. Selected Bibiography of the History of Chinese Philosophy.





§ Course Archives


Upper-division Courses: (click for syllabus and handouts)


Seminar: Building Moral Character: Neo-Confucianism and Moral Psychology

Writing Seminar: The First-Person Perspective of Consciousness, Introspection, and Self-Knowledge

Seminar: Truth and Reality – Realism vs. Anti-realism [Handouts]

Seminar: Practical Reason [Outlines]

Seminar: The Nature of Consciousness [Handouts]

Seminar: The Mind-body Problem [Handouts]

Seminar: Consciousness and the Self [Handouts]

Philosophy of Mind: 1996; 1999; 2001 [Handouts]; 2005; 2007 (my class)

Philosophy of Language: 1998; 2005; 2007 [Handouts] (Class 2007)

Meaning and Mind: 2014

Metaphysics: 2000; 2003, 2006 (Class 2006 ) [Handouts & Powerpoint Presentation]; 2008 (new syllabus) [handouts] (Class 2008) Metaphysics 2023 

Theory of Knowledge

Asian Philosophy (Fall 2007 new syllabus) [My Class]

Metaphysics, Morality and Mind: An Analytic Introduction to Neo-Confucianism (National Cheng Chi University Summer School, Summer 2009) [My Class]



Lower-division Courses: (click for syllabus)


Critical Writing Seminar: The Seat of Consciousness: Where Science and Philosophy Meet

Introduction to Philosophy (Fall 2007 new syllabus)

Meanings of Life: A Multicultural Approach

Chinese Philosophy

Western Humanities I

Western Humanities II

Philosophy of the Arts










§ My Profession:


Thomas Nagel: (from The View from Nowhere)


There is a persistent temptation to turn philosophy into something less difficult and more shallow than it is.  It is an extremely difficult subject, and no exception to the general rule that creative efforts are rarely successful. 


It is natural to feel victimized by philosophy, but this particular defensive reaction goes too far.  It is like the hatred of childhood and results in a vain effort to grow up too early, before one has gone through the essential formative confusions and exaggerated hopes that have to be experienced on the way to understanding anything.  Philosophy is the childhood of the intellect, and a culture that tries to skip it will never grow up. 



Bertrand Russell: (from Problems of Philosophy )



The man who has no tincture of philosophy goes through life imprisoned in the prejudices derived from common sense, from the habitual beliefs of his age or his nation, and from convictions which have grown up in his mind without the cooperation or consent of his deliberate reason.  To such a man the world tends to become definite, finite, obvious; common objects rouse no questions, and unfamiliar possibilities are contemptuously rejected. 

As soon as we begin to philosophize, we find that even the most everyday things lead to problems to which only very incomplete answers can be given.  Philosophy, though unable to tell us with certainty what is the true answer to the doubts which it raises, is able to suggest many possibilities which enlarge our thoughts and free them from the tyranny of custom. 




Hilary Putnam: (from The Many Faces of Realism)



__ A community which is competent to determine truth and falsity must be such that anyone in that community can criticize what is put forward knowing that his criticism will be attended to; if some criticisms are simply not heard, then the possibility of an irrational sort of ‘protection of belief’ rears its ugly head. Not only must it be possible for any member of the community to ask a question or voice a criticism, it must also be possible for any member of a community of ideal inquirers to advance a hypothesis knowing that it will be heard.


It must, in short, be a community which respects the principles of intellectual freedom and equality.






§ Joy of My Life














Collin and Dillon



The Two BrothersPlay



































§ My View on Life



Wherein lies our life?
It is being manipulated by the cruel fate
into multiple shapes,
Even if one puts up all the struggles,         
one cannot fight with fate.
Who'd have the extra heart
to be sentimental about it?
After pondering over life hundreds of times,
I decide to just hand it over to the wind
for the creation of the music of heaven.
After all wars are over;
after all chess games are finished,
Who still sets the boundaries?

Let us be the faint trace of smoke,
drifting through the clear blue sky;
Let us be the light wings of butterflies,
fluttering by the silent flowers.
Let us laugh about how thousands of years,
would turn into oblivion in a split second.
Let us be a tiny dove,
or be a giant roc,
in concord with chance.
Looking back at the countryside,
I see the exuberant sea of spring.
Facing towards the human world,
I roam about freely,
Through hardships, through adversity,
I will not change my Way.

____________ Wang Fuzhi (1619-1692) (my translation)